Sidewalks by Neighborhood

Sidewalks are a critical component of New York City residents’ commute. Ample sidewalks in neighborhoods are important for commuting, businesses, and physical activity. Greater sidewalk area facilitates safer pedestrian traffic that, in turn, attracts businesses and fosters community. “Sidewalk area” measures the percent of a neighborhood that is covered by sidewalk area.

 About the Measure

Sidewalk Area – Percent of Land Area

How Calculated: 

The total sidewalk area (curb-to-building) in km2 within the UHF neighborhood divided by the total land area (excluding inland water bodies). Higher percentages indicate greater sidewalk area, with zero representing no sidewalk area.

For more information, visit

Source: The Built Environment & Health Project (BEH), Columbia University

The Blinding of a Building

The blinding of a building, as seen on West 128th Street.

New York City Remains a Transit (and Walking) City

Mode share varies greatly across the city, but New York continues to be a place of sustainable travel. With the exception of eastern Queens and Staten Island, the majority of trips taken by residents are made by a sustainable mode, such as walking, transit, or cycling. Sustainable mode share is as high as 85% in parts of Manhattan, with the city overall averaging 64%. These percentages are despite declines in bus ridership since 2013 and an uncertain future for the subway after pandemic losses. New Yorkers make most trips by walking, and daily cycling trips are growing (580,000 daily trips in 2019 versus 380,000 in 2013).

New York is a leader in sustainable mode share among its American peers. Even Chicago, a transit-rich and pedestrian-friendly city, has a significantly lower sustainable mode share. Internationally, New York fares well compared to London and Berlin, but falls short of Paris and Hong Kong (gold standards of 87% and 93%, respectively, according to the 2016 NYC DOT Strategic Plan).

And Some New Yorkers Pay a Larger Share of Their Income for Transportation

Most New Yorkers benefit from having such a robust transit system – on average, transportation costs made up only 9% of household costs on average, compared to an average of 12% nationwide. Looking closer, however, transportation is a significantly larger portion of household costs in some New York City neighborhoods, particularly more car- dependent neighborhoods such as Staten Island, southeast Brooklyn, eastern Queens, and the northeast Bronx, per the Center for Neighborhood Technology’s Housing and Transportation Affordability Index. And, of course, the cost of transportation can be a much higher burden for those who have lower income.

New Signage on Randall’s Island

This past year, RIPA installed new signage of all kinds at Randall’s Island Park – providing improved wayfinding and information to the increasing number of New Yorkers who visit.

Working in partnership with NYC Parks, RIPA installed new vehicular signage, working on a subtraction principle. We removed chaotic existing signage, standardized nomenclature throughout the Park, and provided necessary information only at key decision points, edited for ease of comprehension.

RIPA also updated the on-site Park maps directed toward pedestrians and bicyclists to reflect changes and improvements over the years since they were first installed, from increased bus stops to new pathway routes. 

New three-sided gateway maps now welcome visitors at key bicycle and pedestrian entry points; starting in 2022, these will provide seasonal programming information alongside the colorful Park maps and regulations. Finally, please see RIPA’s website for special maps with information regarding field usepicnicking, and running on the Island.

Whatever you come for, and however you get there, enjoy the Island in 2022

How Safe Do You Feel On The Subway?

(MTA Wants to Know)

MTA Logo


Our top priority at the MTA is giving our customers a safe ride.

We want to help New York City get moving again, and to do that you need to feel safe riding with us. And right now, we know that many of you don’t, which is why we are working every day with our partners in the City and State to change that. Please take this short survey to let us know how you feel about safety concerns in the subway system. Your answers will be kept confidential and carefully reviewed by MTA leadership.
The survey takes three to five minutes to complete. Please use the “Take the survey” link to begin.
Thank you for your help.
-Sarah Meyer, MTA Chief Customer Officer

Take the survey.

Walking Distance to the Subway

How Calculated: 

Walking distance to a subway station is defined as 1/4-mile or less. Distance was measured between the centroid of 2010 Census blocks and the nearest station entrance. Census block populations within areas defined as walking distance were summed across the neighborhood and divided by total neighborhood population.

Source: Metropolitan Transportation Authority ,United States Census

The Verge Measures UES vs. East Harlem Temperatures

The map above shows which neighborhoods in New York City are considered the most “heat-vulnerable.” In heat-vulnerable East Harlem, The Verge documented average land surface temperatures reaching as high as 110 degrees Fahrenheit. That was more than 20 degrees hotter than readings we took in the affluent Upper East Side. The Verge took these readings with a thermal camera on June 24, 2021, when air temperatures at the nearest NOAA weather station in Central Park only reached a high of 77 degrees.

To listen to the full article, see:

Adults Who Walk or Bike for Transportation

How Calculated: Estimated number of adults who reported having walked or bicycled more than 10 blocks to get to and from work, school, public transportation or to do errands, in the past 30 days, divided by all adults in the area; expressed as a percent.

Source: New York City Community Health Survey (CHS)

Constructed 1937, Renovated 2005

A rarely noticed, circular granite stone commemorates the renovation of Marcus Garvey Park (misleadingly indicating that it came into existence in 1937) in 2005:

The text is particularly hard to make out, but as always, politicians got their names etched into a fairly permanent form of free publicity.

Marcus Garvey Park has been in existence as a common space, if not a park, since the Dutch colonial era, when the rocky outcropping of Manhattan schist was set aside as a common pasture land.

The Parks Department website notes:

The history of Harlem’s Marcus Garvey Park reaches far back into the colonial period. Dutch settlers named it Slangberg, or Snake Hill, after the creatures that slithered through the hilly area. In 1835, local citizens won their fight to preserve the land as a public park rather than raze it to make room for city streets. Their park welcomed a community center and child health station in the 1930s. The 47-foot cast-iron watchtower built in 1856 to guard the mostly wooden city against fire was designated a landmark in 1967 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. Originally named Mount Morris Park, the park was renamed Marcus Garvey Park in 1973 after the black activist, orator and journalist.

Marcus Garvey Park continues to be a unifying element for the community who once fought to keep it. The Pelham Fritz Recreation Center includes an amphitheater and a swimming pool, and the two children’s playgrounds allow all young visitors of all abilities to play. Families and neighbors can gather together on hot summer days to swim in the outdoor pool and enjoy jazz performances from the City Parks Foundation’s annual Charlie Parker Jazz Festival. The community also plays a large part in the upkeep of the park with groups like the Marcus Garvey Park Alliance, the Marcus Garvey Dog Run Committee, and the Mt. Morris Park Community Improvement Association, as well as the police and local elected officials working with Parks to ensure its safety and cleanliness for another 100 years.

In 2008 Mayor Bloomberg announced plans for a $5 million renovation of the amphitheater. The project is funded in part by a $1 million contribution by The Rodgers Family Foundation.

A Walk Through Harlem, New York’s Most Storied Neighborhood

The New York Times has a wonderful (virtual) walking and talking chat with the architect David Adjaye about Hotel Theresa, Marcus Garvey Park, the home of Langston Hughes, the Y.M.C.A. and other landmarks.

A highly recommended, architectural focused stroll:

The NYPD Wants Your Opinions

The NYPD has come up with a detailed 18 question survey for you to voice your thoughts about the police and how they are doing in our community.

As we always say, the city can’t read your mind. We need to tell them what we want, what we expect, and what is unacceptable to our community: